Characteristics of class Hierarchy of status Social ranking based primarily on economic position Unequal distribution of wealth and power More mobility than caste system A system in which status is achieved by one’s own efforts rather than ascribed, assigned or inherited A system having some degree of permanency of the class structure The Caste System 2. I believe that’s because two key characteristics differentiate caste from race and class. Traditionally, the Indian society is a hierarchical [class] society governed by the In India we come across a special type of social stratification in the form of castes. Characteristics of caste system Segmental division of society: The caste system gives to the Hindu society a segmentary character. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3ce7ac-ZWZiM Segmental division: So far as caste system is concerned, each caste is an autonomous group independent of the other. You can change your ad preferences anytime. resembles in some ways Plato's ideal society of philosophers Endogamy & exogamy – In a caste syst. Following are the main characteristics of social organizations. Feeling of own caste superiority over other castes Is the main factor. Main features of caste system . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Membership in a caste is based on birth. It is very formal, rigid and well defined system. Hence it is unchangeable. There was reciprocal system of exchange goods and services. The status of a person … They are as follows: 1. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Characteristics of the Caste System. Society has always been stratified and the stratification takes place in the order of subgroup or class. The Caste System: Continuities and Changes Singh Swapnil Centre for the Study of Social Systems, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India Abstract. First, caste cannot be transcended. The caste system is a check on economic and intellectual advancement and a great stumbling block in the way of social reforms because it keeps economic and intellectual opportunities confined to a certain section of the population only. Characteristics of Caste System. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Endogamy is the essence of caste system which is perpetuating it. In ‘a plural society two or more ethnic groups share the same space but do not mix to Interconnectedness within different castes is reflected through the joint celebrations of festivals such as Hoh, Kumar Punima, observation of Raja Sankranti etc. Caste System in India today. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille (b) Features of Caste System (c) Untouchability - Forms and Perspectives. Ancient Buddhist texts mention Varna system in South Asia, but the details suggest that it was non-rigid, flexible and with characteristics devoid of features of a social stratification system. The term jati appears in almost all Indian languages and is related to the idea of lineage or kinship group. Caste system 1. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. i.e. With time, occupation and mode of generation of livelihood of various caste groups changed, and the traditional form of jajmani system fizzled out. Can be utilized by studets for future preparation and revision purpose. "Caste" is the term used to describe the complex system of social divisions that pervades life in India. The caste system of India The different castes Where does it come from? Caste system is static whereas the class system is dynamic. At the top of the caste system were the Brahmin and the Kshatriya . 4. "Caste" is the term used todescribe the complex system ofsocial divisions that pervades lifein India. Social position in a caste system is decided by assignment rather than attainment. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Social stratification is a system whereby people in the society are categorized depending on various factors such as income, ethnicity, occupation, and level of education. Caste system entails a number of characteristics. Topic: Caste System (a) Perspectives on the Study of Caste Systems, G.S. In this segmental division the status or position of … The society is divided into various castes, the membership of which is determined by the consideration of birth. Caste System of India In modern day society, what would be the most exotic difference of the Indian culture or society? 5. ... in that people in a caste system cannot dream of equality. on the part of various caste groups. The Caste System India. by Prerna. Presentation Summary : Cultural Pluralism is a concept often combined with cultural diversity . It perpetuates the exploitation of the economically weaker and socially inferior castes, especially the untouchables. A scribed. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The Brahmin were the priests, teachers, and judges who You can change your ad preferences anytime. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. For this reason mobility from one caste to … No public clipboards found for this slide. This means people are either born into or marry within their family's caste; changing caste systems is very rare. For example, there was a different path for lower caste people; it was a general practice to not even have a tinge of a shadow of lower caste people. There are some important characteristics of a caste system. Once born in a caste he has to remain the same. 2 Caste System • The word caste is derived from the Portuguese casta meaning lineage, breed, or race. There are perhaps more than 3000 jatis in India and there is no one all-Indian system of ranking them in order of status. The caste system, as it actually works in India is called jati. That is why Varnas or castes are known as closed classes. Characteristics of Social Organizations. The Caste System During Classical Indian History . The caste system was not absolute during much of Indian history. It is a closed system of stratification in which almost all children end up in the same section of society as their fathers. Its inescapable. 1. [36] Digha Nikaya provides a discussion between Gotama Buddha and a Hindu Brahmin named Sonadanda who was very learned in the Vedas . Characteristics Of Society And Culture PPT. Democratic Politics Chapter 4 Grade 10 CBSE [ Gender, Religion and Caste ], No public clipboards found for this slide. marrying into their own caste. The Brahmins are placed at the top of the hierarchy and are regarded as pure or supreme. 2. Caste is an ancienthereditary system that developedalongside and becameintertwined with Hinduism. Status, position prestige is fixed according to his caste. A sense of highness and lowness or superiority and inferiority is associated with this gradation or ranking. 2. What is a “caste”? Based on birth, or birth is the determinant factor of caste system. formation of the caste system which bound two in a single society, at once mixed and segregated. Segmental Division. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Business or Occupation - farmers, clerk officers, industrialists etc. Sense of Caste Prestige: It is the most important cause of casteism. Caste system ppt. Presentation Summary : THE ARYANS AND THE CASTE SYSTEM. form of social stratification in which one's status is determined by birth and is lifelong (sociology ... For example caste system in its initial stages worked well and was a part of our social organization but when the statuses of the individual in caste system were misused. Caste determines whom a person can marry, specifies what kind of work he can do, and even controls what he can eat or touch. This paper as entitled-“The Caste System: Continuities and Changes”, talks about the caste system, as prevalent in Indian society, its features and other issues related to it. Integration of Castes: Jajmani system leads to the integration of castes. • The caste system is a social hierarchy in which society is divided into groups. One of the main characteristics of caste system is Endogamy i.e. If this theory were true, there ought to be evidence in the earliest Vedic texts .” 2 It is people’s strong desire to enhance caste prestige. Jajmani System Feature # 7. 1. There may be many, but most fundamentally it would be... the Caste system! It undermines the efficiency of labour and prevents perfect mobility of labour, capital and productive effort 3. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The caste system of India Janine and Sandra Structure What exactly is a caste system ? Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Class system: Definition, Meaning, Characteristics, and Examples. Status can be either achieved or ascribed. In segmental division of caste system, a society is divided into different segments. 1. Ghurye, M.N. These groups determine … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Class system, on the contrary, is an open system which allows vertical and horizontal mobility. There is restriction on marriage. Caste system hierarchically divides the society. Three main types of social stratification are as : Caste social stratification, Class social stratification and; Stratification based on estate or slavery. Members of a particular caste or sub-caste have the tendency of developing loyalty to their own caste. 6. The castes are divided into sub-caste. This paper provides an account of changing If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. For example, the renowned Gupta Dynasty, which ruled from 320 to 550, was from the Vaishya caste rather than the Kshatriya. In the class system, there are no formal restrictions on inter-dining and inter-marriage between people from different classes as is found in the caste system. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Caste is an ancient hereditary system that developed alongside and became intertwined with Hinduism. For example, poor people were obliged to stay away from some of the richest people. THE CASTE SYSTEM The Vedic religion propounded by Brahmins (that s why also known as Brahmanical religion or Brahmanism) Three main features Yagna: sacrifices – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3d257c-MTI4N class system- Introduction. 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